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We don’t know enough about childhood vaccines


We don’t know enough about childhood vaccines

Researcher asks: Are 36 doses of vaccine by age 2 too much, too little, or just right?

By Margaret Dunkle

July 11, 2011

The topics of vaccines and vaccine safety spark emotional outbursts at scientific meetings and family dinner tables alike. But many of these debates are remarkably fact-free. Surprisingly few people — not just concerned parents but also doctors, policymakers and even immunization experts — can answer this seemingly simple question: How many immunizations does the federal government recommend for every child during the first two years of life?

The answer is important because most states, including Maryland, faithfully follow the recommendations of the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, codifying CDC guidelines into requirements for children to enroll in school, kindergarten, preschool and child care.

A new Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health study reports that the higher the proportion of infants and toddlers receiving recommended vaccines, the higher the state’s rate of children diagnosed with autism or speech-language problems just a few years later. This analysis is sure to rekindle the debate about vaccine safety.

For that conversation to produce useful results, we must start by defining terms. A “dose of vaccine” refers to each vaccine or antigen given to increase immunity against one specific disease. For chicken pox, a child receives one dose of vaccine through one shot.

By contrast, an “immunization event” refers to each separate administration of a vaccine or bundle of vaccines — through a shot, orally, or nasally. The MMR shot for mumps, measles and rubella involves three doses of vaccine but is one immunization event.

The critical number is how many doses of vaccine a child receives. Why? If a vaccine is strong enough to confer immunity against a disease, it is important enough to count separately.

Clear definitions, analysis of CDC’s “General Recommendations on Immunization,” and confirmation by Dr. Andrew Kroger, lead author of the definitive report on these recommendations, produce the answer to the not-so-simple-after-all question posed above.

In all, the federal government recommends 36 doses of vaccine, addressing 14 different diseases, for every U.S. child under age 2. An on-schedule child will receive a dose of vaccine for hepatitis B at birth, eight doses of various vaccines at 2 months, seven additional doses at 4 months, and four to seven more doses at 6 months.

Infants and toddlers receive these vaccine doses through 26 separate immunization events — mostly shots. If a child misses vaccinations because of illness or scheduling problems, following CDC’s catch-up schedule usually results in extra doses at a later date.

The federally recommended doses of vaccine for every child during the first two years of life are: three doses each for hepatitis B, polio, flu, and HIB (12 doses in all); two doses each for hepatitis A and rotavirus; four doses for pneumococcal infections; one dose for chicken pox; three doses through the combination MMR vaccine for measles, mumps and rubella; and 12 doses through four separate administrations of the combination DTaP vaccine for diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis (whooping cough).

Some infants and toddlers receive still more doses of vaccine — if they switch to pediatricians who use different “combined” vaccines, if they are at high risk for certain diseases, if lost or incomplete records lead to duplicate immunizations, and depending on the time of year they were born (for flu shots) or the brand of vaccine used.

While testing is routine for individual vaccines as they are licensed, research on the both short- and long-term effects of multiple doses of vaccine administered to very young children during the critical birth-to-2 developmental window is sparse to nonexistent.

In addition to the number of doses, vaccine ingredients can be problematic, especially for susceptible subgroups. First are adjuvants, substances added to boost effectiveness and allow smaller doses of vaccine antigen to be used. The most common adjuvant is aluminum, which is found in vaccines for hepatitis and diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus.

Second are preservatives — such as thimerosal, which is 49.6 percent mercury. Thimerosal is still contained in many flu shots, although it was, except for trace amounts, removed from other child vaccines a decade ago. Many child vaccines (including those for diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus, HIB, and hepatitis) contain formaldehyde, which was just added to the government’s list of known human carcinogens.

Third are ingredients to which some people have severe allergies: stabilizers such as gelatin, and eggs or other proteins that are used to prepare vaccines for flu, MMR, and other immunizations.

The ongoing debate about vaccines and their safety needs to incorporate these basic facts as our country seeks to answer the critical Goldilocks question: Too many? Too few? Or just right?

Margaret Dunkle is senior research scientist at the Department of Health Policy at George Washington University and director of the Early Identification and Intervention Collaborative for Los Angeles County. She also has a family member who is vaccine-injured. Her email is mdunkle@gwu.edu.

Copyright © 2011, The Baltimore Sun

No Shoes, No Shots, No Service


The majority support vaccination choice according to a Harris Poll commissioned by the Center for Personal Rights, yet this morning MDCVC gets another message about local pediatric giant, Annapolis Pediatrics denying care if you refuse to follow the CDC vaccination schedule and their policy.

Annapolis Pediatrics fully complies with the American Academy of Pediatrics’ and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s recommended immunization schedules.

The Annapolis Pediatrics website states,”We firmly believe that vaccinating children and young adults may be the single most important health-promoting intervention we perform as health care providers and that you can perform as parents/caregivers.  The recommended vaccines and their schedule given are the results of years and years of scientific study and data-gathering on millions of children by thousands of our brightest scientists and physicians.

The following list comprises the diseases we vaccinate against. Please click on them for more information about each vaccine as outlined by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).”

Vaccine Policy of Annapolis Pediatrics

We firmly believe in the effectiveness of vaccines to prevent serious illness and to save lives.

We firmly believe in the safety of our vaccines.

We firmly believe that all children and young adults should receive all of the recommended vaccines according to the schedule published by the Centers for Disease Control and the American Academy of Pediatrics.

We firmly believe, based on all available literature, evidence and current studies, that vaccines do not cause autism or other developmental disabilities. We firmly believe that thimerosal, preservative that has been in vaccines for decades and remains in some vaccines, does not cause autism or other developmental disabilities.

We firmly believe that vaccinating children and young adults may be the single most important health-promoting intervention we perform as health care providers and that you can perform as parents/caregivers. The recommended vaccines and their schedule given are the results of years and years of scientific study and data-gathering on millions of children by thousands of our brightest scientists and physicians.

These being said, we recognize that there has always been and will likely always be controversy surrounding vaccination. Indeed, Benjamin Franklin, persuaded by his brother, was opposed to smallpox vaccine until scientific data convinced him otherwise. Tragically, he had delayed inoculating his favorite son Franky, who contracted smallpox and died at the age of 4, leaving Ben with a lifetime of guilt and remorse. Quoting Mr. Franklin’s autobiography:

In 1736, I lost one of my sons, a fine boy of four years old, by the smallpox…I long regretted bitterly, and still regret that I had not given it to him by inoculation. This I mention for the sake of parents who omit that operation, on the supposition that they should never forgive themselves if a child died under it, my example showing that the regret may be the same either way, and that, therefore, the safer should be chosen.

The vaccine campaign is truly a victim of its own success. It is precisely because vaccines are so effective at preventing illness that we are even discussing whether or not they should be given. Because of vaccines, many of you have never seen a child with polio, tetanus, whooping cough, bacterial meningitis or even chickenpox, or known a friend or family member whose child died of one of these diseases. Such success can make us complacent or even lazy about vaccinating. But such an attitude, if it becomes widespread, can only lead to tragic results.

Over the past several years, many people in Europe have chosen not to vaccinate their children with the MMR vaccine after publication of an unfounded suspicion (later retracted) that the vaccine caused autism. As a result of underimmunization, there have been small outbreaks of measles and several deaths from complications of measles in Europe over the past several years. In 2008 we have begun to see cases of measles in several pockets throughout the United States as well.

Furthermore, by not vaccinating your child you are taking selfish advantage of thousands of others who do vaccinate their children which decreases the likelihood that your child will contract one of these diseases. We feel such an attitude to be self-centered and unacceptable.

We are making you aware of these facts not to scare you or coerce you, but to emphasize the importance of vaccinating your child. We recognize that the choice may be a very emotional one for some parents. We will do everything we can to convince you that vaccinating according to the schedule is the right thing to do. However, should you have doubts, please discuss these with your health care provider in advance of your visit. In some cases, we may alter the schedule to accommodate parental concerns or reservations. Please be advised, however, that delaying or “breaking up the vaccines” to give one or two at a time over two or more visits goes against expert recommendations, and can put your child at risk for serious illness (or even death) and goes against our medical advice as providers at Annapolis Pediatrics. Such additional visits will require additional co- pays on your part. Furthermore, please realize that you will be required to sign a “Refusal to Vaccinate” acknowledgement in the event of lengthy delays.

Finally, if you should absolutely refuse to vaccinate your child despite all our efforts, we will ask you to find another health care provider who shares your views. We do not keep a list of such providers, nor would we recommend any such physician. Please recognize that by not vaccinating you are putting your child at unnecessary risk for life-threatening illness and disability and even death.

As medical professionals, we feel very strongly that vaccinating children on schedule with currently available vaccines is absolutely the right thing to do for all children and young adults. We would like you to know that those of us in the practice who have children of our own have had them fully vaccinated following the established schedule. Thank you for your time in reading this policy, and please feel free to discuss any questions or concerns you may have about vaccines with any one of us.

Sincerely,

The Physicians and Nurse Practitioners of Annapolis Pediatrics, P.A.

Dwight Fortier, M.D. Samuel. Libber, M.D. Katherine Edwards, M.D. Stanley Weimer, M.D. James Rice, M.D. Margaret Turner, M.D. Charles Parmele, M.D. Sefanit Fassil, M.D. Jennifer Corder, M.D. Dana Kim, M.D.

John McGrath, M.D. Mark Lester, M.D. Anita Weissburg, C.P.N.P. Gwyn Reece, C.P.N.P. Julia Caschera, C.P.N.P. Kay Gingell, C.P.N.P Roseanne Thompson, C.P.N.P Linda Murray, C.P.N.P. Gina Friel, C.P.N.P Ann Purcell, C.P.N.P.

We initially reported on refusal of care in January 29,2009.

The 1736 story of the child dying of smallpox is devastating, but should be updated with information from this generation.  The United States is the most vaccinated country in the globe and our children are paying with their chronic health conditions, vaccine reactions and death. View some recent personal stories here.

You may have also heard about the Redskins Cheerleader that suffered a severe reaction from the flu shot last year.

Unfortunately the denial of vaccine reactions and your human right to choose happens all over our country. We do however have wonderful doctors and health care providers that have taken the time to research  information for themselves instead of following along with organizations that are funded by the companies that make the vaccinations.

Enlightened physicians will consult with you regarding your concerns, tell you about the dangers of vaccinations and educate you about the diseases  as well as offer you alternatives if you are not comfortable with vaccinations or the amount of vaccinations given at one time.

Annapolis Pediatrics is a private practice, they are entitled to their policy, however you should never be forced or feel pressured to do anything or take any medication without full disclosure and informed consent.

Parents want research on vaccine safety. Thankfully there are numerous physicians and researchers such as Neil Z. Miller that offer unbiased information to help you make the choice that is best for you and your family.

The Vaccine Safety Manual, by medical researcher Neil Z. Miller is written for all parents, physicians and health care providers and offers comprehensive and scientific information about the vaccinations and diseases. You can also visit the International Medical Counsel on Vaccination for more information from outspoken physicians.

We at MDCVC firmly believe that Annapolis Pediatrics does not have all the information in regards to vaccination. We firmly believe all drugs may result in side effects, serious injury or death. We firmly believe in your right to be informed. We firmly believe that you know what is best for your family. We firmly believe that doctors and manufactures that hold zero liability should not be pressuring you, or turning you away from sincere care. We firmly believe that you should not sign a refusal to vaccinate form. We firmly believe that name calling is unnecessary. We firmly believe that there are alternatives to help protect you other than pharmaceutical drugs. We firmly believe in your personal rights.

As our friend Dr. Tenpenny has written, Health does not come through a needle.

Boycott Bully Pediatricians Here

 

MD: Flu outbreak could choke civil rights, professors say


Editor’s Note: THIS IS A MUST-READ FOR MARYLAND RESIDENTS!

Governor has broad power in event of H1N1 crisis

Cumberland Times-News

DAVID M. JOHNSON
CNHI News Service

WASHINGTON — Quarantine, forced vaccination and martial law are just a few of the options available to Gov. Martin O’Malley should the H1N1 virus spread uncontrollably, according to professors who talked Wednesday about the civil rights problems an outbreak could create.

Michael Greenberger and Dr. Marita Mike from the University of Maryland Center for Health and Homeland Security and Wendy Mariner from Boston University’s School of Public Health discussed the legal and constitutional implications of the government’s response to a potential H1N1 pandemic at the National Press Club.

“The Maryland governor has the power to compel people to take medical measures; he could compel medical vaccinations; he can quarantine; he can isolate; he can seize medications … he can condemn or reorient how hospitals give treatment; he can shelter people in place; he can move them out of the city,” Greenberger said. “He has the power to overturn any law that interferes with his ability to respond to the catastrophe.”

Disease prevention laws in many states shifted from public health to national security and emergency preparedness after the terrorist attacks of Sept. 11, 2001. In Maryland, the statute was passed almost overnight, according to Greenberger.

Epidemics are similar to terrorist attacks in that they have the potential to strike at any time, so laws that dictate government responses to these emergencies should be scrutinized, said Mariner.

“It is especially important to look at what laws bar so we don’t undermine fundamental human rights,” Mariner said. “Laws that suspend civil rights during epidemics become laws that suspend constitutional rights in our daily lives, perhaps indefinitely.”

So far, no public health emergency law has been challenged in Maryland court because no governor has had to use one.

 

“When you look at the statute books state to state, while they aren’t well defined, the power they give to governors and local executives are truly extraordinary,” Greenberger said. “The issues I’ve outlined are the issues lawyers and those that care about the application of law in this area will have to be thinking about very carefully.”

According to the panel, H1N1’s impact would have to get worse before any governor would think about drastic measures, but such a scenario could be imagined.

“This thing attacks the lungs,” Greenberger said. “Ventilators cost $35,000; we have a very limited supply of ventilators. You can just imagine having someone you care about and knowing that if they can get on a ventilator, they’ll live.”

Lack of ventilators, vaccine or anti-virals in any state could force governors or other executives to turn to these laws.

In New York, the state health commissioner recently order-ed all state health care workers to get the H1N1 vaccine. Last week, after facing a lawsuit, the state suspended the mandatory requirement saying limited supplies should be used for those most at risk for serious illness.

“Nurses who were perfectly willing to get vaccines voluntarily, got their backs up and began to resist when they were told it was necessary,” Mariner said about the New York situation. “The danger can be illustrated by the old axiom, if the only tool you have is a hammer, then every problem looks like a nail. If the only tools you have are quarantine and isolation then what happens when you need more vaccine? You can’t force people to get a vaccine you don’t have.”

Source: Pandemic Flu Online

Vaccine Quiz


Take the following quiz. If you can answer all 7 of these vaccine-related questions correctly, you are a well-informed parent. Answers are provided at the end of the test.

1) How many vaccine (drug) doses is an American child expected to receive by 1 ½ years of age?

12, 16, 18, 26, 38

2) The United States requires more vaccines for children than any other country. How does the U.S. infant mortality rate compare to the rest of the world?

1st , 2nd , 10th , 16th , 42nd

3) Vaccines contain which of the following ingredients?

A) Mercury, B) Aluminum, C) Formaldehyde, D) Fetal bovine serum, E) All of the Above

4) At least 62 studies published in journals throughout the world found correlations between the polio vaccine and increased rates of which type of cancer?

A) Bone cancer, B) Lung cancer, C) Brain tumors, D) Leukemia, E) All of the Above

5) Several studies link the hepatitis B vaccine to…

A) Autoimmune disorders, B) Blood disorders, C) Neurological disorders, D) Sensory impairments, E) All of the Above

6) The British Medical Journal recently published a report that analyzed ALL pertinent influenza vaccine studies. Flu vaccines were found to be ineffective in which groups of people?

A) in children under 2 years of age, B) in healthy adults under 65 years of age, C) in people aged 65 years and older, D) in healthcare workers to protect their patients, E) All of the Above

7) U.S. Children are legally required to receive vaccines under which of the following circumstances?

A) At the hospital shortly after birth, B) During well-baby checkups or a doctor visit, C) to enter school, D) when traveling overseas, E) None of the Above

Answers:* 1) 38. 2) 42nd (Worse than Cuba but ahead of Croatia). 3) All of the Above (Yes, some vaccines still contain mercury). 4) All of the Above. 5) All of the Above. 6) All of the Above. 7) None of the Above.

*Thorough explanations, citations, and other substantiating evidence may be found in the Vaccine Safety Manual for Concerned Families and Health Practitioners: http://www.thinktwice.com/vsm.htm

Become a Fan of this site: http://www.facebook.com/pages/Thinktwice-Global-Vaccine-Institute/179833531264 (Click on the Fan button.)

What you should KNOW about the FLU!


–Dana Ullman, MPH

Homeopathy developed its greatest popularity in the 19th century primarily because of the truly impressive successes it experienced in treating the serious infectious disease epidemics of that era, including typhoid, cholera, yellow fever, scarlet fever, and influenza.  In the (in)famous flu epidemic of 1918, statistics show that the death rates in homeopathic hospitals was 1-2%, while it was around 30% in the conventional medical hospitals.
The worst thing that you can do if you and your child get the flu is to take aspirin or Tylenol! Because the fever is one of the important ways that the body defends itself against the flu virus, conventional drugs that suppress the fever can slow down the healing process and possibly damage a person’s health in a significant way.
As for the flu vaccine, the media has and is presently encouraging everyone to get vaccinated, especially infants, children, and the elderly.  However, systematic reviews of the efficacy of the flu vaccine on these populations have shown only modestly positive results at best.  Due to some people’s sensitivity to vaccinations and its adjunctive ingredients, it is challenging to determine whether or not to get vaccinated. Tom Jefferson, MD, is considered the world’s leading authority on influenza vaccinations.  He has authored ten reviews for the Cochrane Collaboration, which is the most respected international center that evaluates medical research.  Dr. Jefferson has asserted, “There is no evidence whatsoever that seasonal influenza vaccines have any effect, especially in the elderly and young children  No evidence of reduced [number of] cases, deaths, complications.”  Dr. Jefferson further asserts, “What you see every year as the flu is caused by 200 or 300 different agents with a vaccine against two of them.  That is simply nonsense.”    Further, Dr. Jefferson has also declared, “the H1N1 is not a major threat (this link is to an excellent short interview with him).”  Dr. Jefferson has noted that Australia has just completed its winter, and there were only 131 deaths related to flu out of 22 million Australians.
The most popular protocol that homeopaths use at present to defend against the flu is INFLUENZINUM 9C.  We are presently taking orders for this  year’s INFLUENZINUM nosode which we expect to arrive around October 20th.  The common protocol is to take the 9C once a week for four weeks and then take the final dose one month later.  To order this five-dose protocol, click HERE.  We can special order other potencies of this medicine upon request. This Influenzinum is derived from the three most common flu viruses (according to the Pasteur Institute, Paris).  It does not include the swine flu H1N1.  At present, there is no “swine” flu nosode.

Treatment of the Flu…
If you’re knowledgeable about homeopathy, it is best to individually select a homeopathic medicine for each person according to his/her symptoms. Because the H1N1 flu is consider similar to the virus known to cause the 1918 flu, Gelsemium may be an important medicine. Other homeopaths recommend that you seriously consider Ipecacuahna. (Both of these medicines can be purchased from us, though orders for single medicines must be made by phone or fax:  800-359-9051 (phone orders in the US) or 510-649-1955 (fax). For the treatment of the flu, some “user-friendly” medicines are made by Heel, Inc. (the 2nd largest German homeopathic company).  One double-blind placebo controlled randomized study showed that a homeopathic medicine called Engystol reduced by over 30% the length and the severity of influenza and the common cold.”  These positive clinical results are consistent with the basic science research has showed that Engystol increases immune function through increasing the percentage of interferon-producing lymphocytes. The effectiveness of another homeopathic remedy, called Gripp-Heel, was compared with that of conventional treatments in a prospective, observational cohort study in 485 patients with mild viral infections and symptoms such as fever, headache, muscle pain, cough or sore throat.  As evaluated by the practitioners, 67.9% of patients were considered asymptomatic at the end of Gripp-Heel therapy vs. 47.9% of patients in the control group.

And do not forget about Oscillococcinum.  There have been FOUR large studies that have shown its efficacy in the treatment of influenza.

The Experience of Mexican Homeopaths in Treating People with Swine Flu…
To read a first-hand report by MD/homeopaths in Mexico City who have treating people with swine flu, click here. As yet, there is no one medicine that homeopathic physicians have determined to be the “remedy epidemicus.”  Instead, so far, they have found various medicines to be effective. They also noted that some of the most common homeopathic medicines that are known to have severe bleeding with flu symptoms are: Arnica montana, Arsenicum album, Baptisia, Belladonna, Bryonia alba, Camphora, Carbo vegetabilis, Chamomilla, Cinchona officinalis, Ferrum phosphoricum, Influenzinum (corresponding to the epidemic), Ipecacuanha, Lachesis, Mercurius vivus, Phosphorus, Sepia officinalis, Sulphur.

To read the BEST book on homeopathic treatment, get this one by Sandra Perko.

Flu Prevention


The best way to prevent flu is to stay healthy! Here are some specific guidelines to keep you and your family healthy this fall and winter:

-Eliminate all types of sugar (sucrose, fructose, honey, maple syrup, high fructose corn syrup, flours that are not 100% whole grain (i.e. enriched wheat flour, bleached flour, unbleached flour, etc)) from you diet. Sugar and flour actually weaken your immune system, leaving you susceptible to colds and flues.

-Exercise-It’s never too late to start! Talk to me regarding a specific plan for you.

-Rest-Make sure you are getting 7-9 hours of sleep a night. This is when your body makes repairs!

-Eat garlic regularly. Soup, Stir fried, roasted, swallowed raw, boiled in a tea. Garlic is one of the most antimicrobial and antiviral compounds out there.

-Get outside and get some sun- Your skin manufactures Vitamin D when exposed to sunlight. Having optimal blood levels of Vitamin D not only prevents cancer, diabetes, heart disease, and bone fracture, but in one study, also reduced the risk of flu by 77%! Get tested at home, without a doctor’s order, by visiting www.grassrootshealth.org.

-Don’t let stress become overwhelming. You must create some sort of ‘down time’ for yourself. This doesn’t mean watching TV! Mediate, journal, yoga, prayer, massage, exercise, laugh.

-Take Fish Oil-contains Omega 3s necessary for a properly functioning immune system.

-Elderberry Syrup- Elderberry is specifically beneficial for strengthening the immune system against viruses, which most flu’s and colds are. Look for a brand that is organically harvested or wild crafted and does not contain high fructose corn syrup or other artificial sweeteners.

-Influenzinum is a homeopathic (very dilute) preparation of the flu virus, taken preventatively, to stimulate your bodies immune system like a vaccination would, but without the side effects. In France, Doctors have found it to be much more effective than the flu vaccine.

Take Influenzinum as follows: Take five pellets under your tongue once a week for four weeks. For example, every Sunday, four weeks in a row. Wait one month, then take five more pellets under your tongue. If you hear of an outbreak in your area, you can take three pellets everyday until it passes.

-Oscillococcinum- As soon as you start feeling run-down or have other flu-like symptoms, take Oscillococcinum. Oscillo® is regulated as a drug by the FDA and is supported by published clinical studies as well as more than 65 years of use throughout

the world. It has been shown to reduce the severity and duration of flu symptoms. Take as directed on package.

-Colostrum- Colostrum is an exceptional nutritional substance, the first ‘milk’ produced by mothers, that supports and nourishes the immune system. A study done in Italy two years ago showed that “colostrum is at least 3 times more effective than vaccination to prevent flu and very cost effective.”

Don’t forget, the best medicine is eating well. No supplement will take the place of a healthy diet, that’s why they are called “supplements” not “substitutes”.

Your diet should consist of mostly fresh vegetables, high quality meats (grass fed, pastured, free range only), fish, nuts, seeds, legumes, whole grains (in their whole form-ie, wheat berries and brown rice, not whole wheat flour and rice pasta), healthy oils (like extra virgin olive, hempseed or flax and from your food like avocado, walnuts, olives), and seasonal fruits.

To Purchase Physician Quality Supplements, go to

http://www.drambergolshani.com/supplements/index.html

Follow the link and enter “health” as the passcode. If it is your first time visiting this site, you will need to set up an account. You will be given a list of products to choose from. You get 10% off price listed if you use the link above.

Amber Golshani, ND

Call for your free 15 minute consultation!

1 (877) 627 5507

113A Dover Street, Easton, MD 21601

www.drambergolshani.com

H1N1 Package Insert Information


Below are the package inserts for the new H1N1 vaccines, whose “safety studies” are largely based on the seasonal flu vaccines. Please read the inserts carefully. In recent news the CDC suggested that  all pregnant women and children get this vaccine

Here is a summary of the H1N1 and seasonal vaccines according to the package inserts:

a.. The vaccines have not been tested for safety or effectiveness in pregnant women or nursing mothers (even though pregnant women are a priority target group for this vaccine. As stated: “It is not known whether these vaccines can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproductive capability. It is not known whether the H1N1 vaccine is excreted in human milk.”

b.. The vaccines have not been tested for mutagenic or carcinogenic potential.

c.. The multi-dose vaccines (Sanofi Pasteur) contain a full dose (25 mcg) of thimerosal/mercury (known neurotoxin).

d.. Other ingredients include: formaldehyde (carcinogen); hemagglutinin (glycoprotein that causes red blood cells to agglutinate/clump and attach to the respiratory tract to cause infection); gelatin (known allergen); polyethylene glycol p-isoctylphenyl ether (strong detergent).

e.. “Safety studies” of Fluzone/H1N1 vaccine included 19 CHILDREN (6-23 months) and 12 children (24-36 months) for 3 days.

f.. Some of the reported adverse events/side effects of the vaccines include: Thrombocytopenia (spontaneous bleeding); anaphylaxis (life threatening allergic reaction); lymphadenopathy (diseased lymph nodes); Guillain-Barre (paralysis); Bells Palsy (facial paralysis); convulsions; encephalomytis (brain inflammation/damage); optic neuropathy (optic nerve damage); syncope (loss of consciousness); Stevens Johnson Syndrome, vasculitis (inflammatory destruction of blood vessels).

g.. Warnings included in package insert: “The 1976 swine influenza vaccine was associated with an increased frequency of Guillain Barre Syndrome. Evidence for a causal relation with subsequent vaccines prepared from other influenza viruses is unclear.” Also…”Appropriate medical treatment and supervision must be available to manage possible anaphylactic reactions following administration of this vaccine.”

Here are the package inserts for both the injectable and intranasal H1N1 vaccines.


http://www.fda.gov/BiologicsBloodVaccines/Vaccines/ApprovedProducts/ucm181950.htm

Source: FDA

One Pediatrician’s Perspective


Thoughts on the Flu Vaccine and Vaccines in General

I have come to realize, since finishing my pediatric training, that you can find evidence to support your decision to vaccinate or not to vaccinate.  When I started my pediatric practice fresh out of residency, I was a primary care physician and offered vaccinations to those families who chose to vaccinate their children.  I actually gave the children the vaccines myself (I’m so glad I no longer do that – I truly disliked that part of my job!).  I was also one of the parents who chose to vaccinate my child.  I did educate myself about the pros and cons of vaccines, and felt I still needed to vaccinate Kaitlin (my oldest), but selectively vaccinate and on an alternative schedule (1 vaccine per month).  After the 5th vaccine, her eczema continued to worsen.  I started to have the uncomfortable feeling of having to step further away from what the standard medical community recommended, on behalf of the health of my child. I made the connection that Kaitlin’s eczema would improve if I stopped stimulating her immune system with the vaccines.  In addition to supplementing her with cod liver oil and probiotics daily, I also stopped the vaccinations.  Her eczema resolved and has never returned.  My second child, Elle, has never been vaccinated.

I am often asked my opinions on vaccinations – do I recommend them or not?  Every time I answer with the story above.  There are pros and cons to vaccinations.  As my training in holistic medicine continues, I rest easier NOT vaccinating my children.  My concerns lie beyond the ingredients found in vaccines.  My largest concern is HOW we are stimulating the immune system through subcutaneous and intramuscular injections of vaccines.  Our bodies have built in barriers to defend ourselves from “invaders” protecting us from infection, which are bypassed with vaccine injections.  Let’s look at some of these built in barriers.  Our skin is a mechanical barrier, a first line of defense against infection.  Coughing and sneezing are also mechanical barriers, ejecting pathogens from the respiratory tract.  Our tears and urine flush out intruders, and mucus in our respiratory and gastrointestinal tract traps these microorganisms.  Antibacterial proteins are found in saliva, tears, breast milk, and in secretions from the skin, respiratory and gastrointestinal tracts.  Don’t forget about all the healthy bacteria in our intestines – they also defend us by competing with non-beneficial bacteria and other microorganisms for food and space.  Remember to take your daily probiotics! (Source)

There has been a lot of focus on the importance of the annual flu vaccine and in particular this year with the possibility of a swine flu vaccine.  As you can read in myswine flu blog, I have never received a flu vaccine as a medical professional EVER!  Again, for reasons stated above I am choosing NOT to vaccinate.  The flu vaccine, of all the vaccines, is the least effective at preventing its intended disease.  See Dr. Tenpenny’s article for the research that supports this statement.

We have A LOT of decisions as parents to make on behalf of our children.  Please educate yourself when making this decision for your child; see Angelle’s article for lots of helpful websites to get you started.

Regardless of your decision to vaccinate or not to vaccinate, support a healthy immune system for your child.  Supplement with Arctic-D Cod Liver Oil (essential fatty acids with vitamin D3) and probiotics daily.  Be sure to educate yourself about Mucococcinum, the homeopathic way for flu prevention and treatment.

Source: www.nourishmd.com

H1N1 vaccine is not the cautious nor best thing to do


By Dr. Jay Gordon

I have seen more children and adults with influenza-like illness: 104 degree fevers, muscle soreness, sore throat and negative tests for strep, than in any summer I can remember. I haven’t used the “flu swab” to test anybody, but I’m sure that many if not most of these sick people had Swine Flu. They all felt miserable, and they are all feeling just fine now.

Preventing outbreaks of this “novel H1N1″ influenza may be a mistake of huge proportions. Yes, sadly, there will be fatalities among the 6 billion citizens of the planet. Tens of millions of cases of any illness will lead to morbidity and mortality, but this is completely (tragically) unavoidable. The consequences of not acquiring immunity this time around, however, could be really terrible and far outweigh a mass prevention program.

Here’s my rationale for not using Tamiflu:  If (if, if, if) this virus circles the globe as the rather innocent influenza it now appears to be, but mutates and returns as a very virulent form of influenza, it will be quite wonderful and life-saving to have formed antibodies against its 2009 version. These antibodies may be far from 100% protective, but they will help. This is incredibly important but being ignored in the interest of expediency.

In 1918, it appears that influenza A (an H1N1, by the way) did this globe-trotting mutation and killed millions. The times and state of medical care are not comparable, but a milder parallel occurrence is possible. Perhaps this happens every 100 years or so, perhaps every three million.

Whenever possible, we should form antibodies against viruses at the right stage of their existence and at the right stage of our lives (For example, chickenpox in childhood and EBV/mono in early childhood. There are many other examples.) Getting many viral illnesses confers lifetime immunity, and very few vaccines do.

Tamiflu is a very powerful drug with little proven efficacy against this bug, and with its major side effect being tummy upset. I’m not using it at all. Psychiatric side effects are also possible.

I also won’t be giving the flu shot to the kids and parents in my practice unless there are extraordinary risk factors.  I anticipate giving none at all this year.  I doubt that there will be any really large problems with the vaccine, but I also doubt any really large benefits. As I said, I think that this year’s version of this particular H1N1 is as “mild” as it will ever be and that getting sick with it this year will be good rather than bad.  The chances that a new “flu shot” will be overwhelmingly effective are small.

I consider this, and most seasonal and novel influenza A vaccines, as “experimental” vaccines; they’ve only been tested on thousands of people for a period of weeks and then they’ll be given to hundreds of millions of people. Not really the greatest science when we’re in that much of a hurry. Yes, one can measure antibodies against a certain bacterium or virus in the blood and it may be associated with someone not getting sick, but there are very few illnesses common enough or enough ethics committees willing enough to do the right tests.  That is, give 1000 people the real vaccine and 1000 placebo shots, expose all of them to the disease and see who gets sick.  Seriously. I know it sounds terrible.

This is, obviously, a difficult public discussion because it touches on the concept of benefits and risks, again, of morbidity and mortality. Few public officials have the courage or inclination to present all facets of this difficult decision. I give vaccines to my patients every single day, but I always err on the side of caution. Implying that this is a dangerous new shot is not scientifically or statistically correct and represents hyperbole and even dishonesty on the part of the so-called “anti-vaccine” camp.

It sure isn’t “sexy” to suggest handwashing, good nutrition, hydration, extra sleep and so on. It’s not conventional to suggest astragalus, echinacea, elderberry and vitamin C. Adequate vitamin D levels are crucial, too.

I just think that giving this new H1N1 vaccine is not the cautious nor best thing to do.


Pandemic H1N1 Swine Flu: What About You & Your Family?



Note: The following information is being provided as a public service by the National Vaccine Information Center, a not-for-profit organization founded in 1982 to prevent vaccine injuries and deaths through public education and defend the informed consent ethic.

On April 26, 2009, public health officials from the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security held a press conference and declared a national public health emergency. The declaration came in response to identification of a new novel Influenza A (H1N1) “swine flu” virus (combination of swine, bird and human influenza viruses) that was making people sick and causing deaths in Mexico. By June 11, the World Health Organization (WHO) raised the global influenza pandemic alert to the highest Phase 6 level.

You, your family and residents of your state are governed by federal and state public health laws whenever the government declares a national “public health emergency.” These laws, which contain provisions for isolation, quarantine and vaccination of citizens, may or may not be enforced by government officials during a declared public health emergency involving outbreaks of communicable infectious diseases.

Contents: [TOP]

INFLUENZA & SWINE FLU

Past Influenza Pandemics

Mortality Associated with the Current Swine Flu Pandemic

What are the Symptoms of Swine Flu?

Who Is More Likely To Get Swine Flu?

Are Some People More Likely to Have Complications?

Is There a Vaccine for H1N1 Swine Flu?

SWINE FLU VACCINES

How Will the Swine Flu Vaccine Be Made?

Will Future Swine Flu Vaccines Contain Unlicensed Adjuvants?

Will Swine Flu Vaccines Contain Mercury?

How Long Will Swine Flu Vaccines Be Tested to Prove Safety & Efficacy Before Being Released?

Who Will Be the First to Get Swine Flu Vaccine?

Is There Liability Protection for Vaccine Makers?

PUBLIC HEALTH LAWS

Could You or Someone in Your Family Be Required to Get Vaccinated or Be Quarantined During an Influenza Pandemic?

Federal Public Health Laws vs. State Public Health Laws

U.S. Supreme Court Gave States Power to Mandate Vaccine Use

Congress Gave More Power To Public Health Officials After 9-11

States Gave More Power to Public Health Officials After 9-11

U.S. Public Health Service and U.S. Coast Guard

The National Guard

Department of Defense

Local Police

Check the Public Health Emergency Laws in Your State

BEING PREPARED & TAKING ACTION

What Can You and Your Family Do To Be Prepared?

Evaluate Holistic Health Approaches to Wellness & Healing

Stay Informed and Connected

Contact Your Legislators & Community Leaders

Take Action with NVIC

Remain Cool, Calm and Collected

MORE INFORMATION

NVIC INFORMATION & STATEMENTS

SELECTED MEDIA PRINT ARTICLES

U.S. GOVERNMENT INFORMATION ON INFLUENZA

WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

FEDERAL LEGISLATION AFFECTING U.S. PUBLIC HEALTH LAW

MODEL STATE HEALTH EMERGENCY POWERS ACTS

MASSACHUSETTS PANDEMIC ACT (2009)

INFLUENZA & SWINE FLU

Past Influenza Pandemics

The last time that state public health officials instituted widespread isolation and quarantine of citizens was during the 1918 Spanish influenza pandemic. The 1918 pandemic reportedly infected an estimated 20 to 30 percent of the world’s population with a 2.5% mortality rate and it has been estimated that between 40 and 100 million people died from complications, including about 500,000 Americans.

Less serious influenza pandemics, like those that occurred in 1957 and 1968, have resulted in a mortality rate of about 0.1%. In 1957 the Asian Flu reported contributed to the deaths of about 68,000 Americans. In 1968, complications from the Hong Kong flu reportedly killed about 34,000 Americans.

There is evidence that both annual influenza and most pandemic influenza outbreaks, with the exception of the 1918 pandemic, are generally mild. (There is also evidence that annual influenza vaccines are not as effective in children and adults as previously maintained by those promoting that all children and adults get annual flu shots).

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Mortality Associated with the Current Swine Flu Pandemic

The CDC states that every year regular influenza is associated with complications that lead to the deaths about 36,000 Americans. However, there has been controversy about whether that figure is accurate or potentially overestimates influenza deaths by including non lab-confirmed cases that resemble influenza but are actually due to flu-like illnesses caused by non-influenza viruses and bacteria. (Only about 20 percent of all flu-like illness is due to type A or B influenza and most people, young and old, recover without serious complications from influenza).

By the week of July 6, 2009, the World Health Organization (WHO) had reported 94,512 confirmed cases of new swine (H1N1) influenza worldwide with 429 deaths. That week the WHO recommended that lab confirmation of swine flu cases stop being performed in many countries and advised that most symptoms of flu-like illness and pneumonia could be presumed to be caused by the H1N1 swine flu. (This presumption of causation could eventually lead to an overestimation of both morbidity and mortality directly caused by swine H1N1 influenza worldwide and in large nations such as the U.S.).

There are some reports that the H1N1 swine influenza is not as deadly and is not as easily transmitted from person to person as originally predicted by public health officials.

As of July 17, 2009 the CDC listed 40,617 probable and lab confirmed swine flu (H1N1) cases reported in the U.S. with 263 deaths. To view the CDC’s Weekly Influenza Surveillance Report, click here.

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What Are the Symptoms of Swine Flu?

During the spring and summer of 2009, for most people the H1N1 influenza virus caused uncomplicated, moderate, typical flu-like symptoms similar to regular influenza: fever, chills, body aches, headache, fatigue, nasal congestion or runny nose, cough, diarrhea, vomiting. But for others, symptoms were more severe and included pneumonia. 5-9% of confirmed cases have been hospitalized.

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Who Is More Likely To Get Swine Flu?

One third of adults over 60 years of age have been found to have protective antibodies to the H1N1 swine flu virus because they were exposed to H1N1 influenza viruses circulating in influenza epidemics in past decades.

The majority of lab confirmed cases of swine flu in all countries have been in adolescents and young adults under age 30.

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Are Some People More Likely to Have Complications?

Reportedly, approximately half of the patients hospitalized in the U.S. and half of the fatal cases in Mexico were in people between the ages of 20 and 59. The majority of swine flu-related hospitalizations and deaths also occurred in people who were obese or suffering from chronic inflammatory diseases such as diabetes, heart disease, and asthma or were pregnant.

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Is There a Vaccine for H1N1 Swine Flu?

Swine flu vaccines are being developed and will be tested by pharmaceutical companies and U.S. federal health agencies for release to Americans in the fall of 2009. As of July 23, 2009, FDA and CDC officials are discussing difficulties with H1N1 virus strain selection and production. Some have suggested that two doses of the vaccine given several weeks apart will be needed to confer protection.

An inactivated, injectable swine flu vaccine is being created by Novartis, Sanofi Pasteur and GlaxoSmithKline and a live attenuated virus nasal spray vaccine is being created by MedImmune. A limited supply (about 60 to 80 million doses) may be available in September or mid-October. The government reportedly has contracted with vaccine manufacturers to produce a total of 193 million doses of swine flu vaccine (and also has ordered 119 million doses of MF-59 and AS03 adjuvant)

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SWINE FLU VACCINES

How Will the Swine Flu Vaccine Be Made?

According to the FDA, the first candidate H1N1 vaccines will be monovalent vaccines prepared in eggs like annual influenza vaccines and will not contain either aluminum or oil-in-water adjuvants (MF-59 or ASO3) that can be added to manipulate the immune system and stimulate production of more antibodies.

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Will Future Swine Flu Vaccines Contain Unlicensed Adjuvants?

Oil-in-water adjuvants (squalene) have not been licensed in the U.S., although they are used in some inactivated vaccines marketed in Europe and other countries (live virus vaccines do not contain adjuvants). Many inactivated vaccines in the U.S. contain licensed aluminum-based adjuvants added to increase production of antibodies in an effort to make vaccines more effective at preventing infection.

Oil-based adjuvants (MF-59 and AS03) manipulate and hyper-stimulate the immune system to mount a stronger immune response to the lab-altered virus or bacteria contained in vaccines. However, the use of squalene type vaccine adjuvants, which were allegedly added to experimental anthrax vaccines and made Gulf War soldiers sick, is controversial.

Oil based adjuvants may increase the risk for vaccine-induced chronic inflammation and autoimmunity in some children and adults genetically predisposed to atypical inflammatory responses and autoimmunity. No published scientific studies have examined whether those already suffering with chronic inflammation associated with brain and immune system dysfunction may be at special risk.

U.S. health officials are expected to by-pass normal FDA licensing procedures and include oil-in-water adjuvants in some swine flu vaccines released for public use. The legal ability for the FDA to approve unlicensed vaccines and drugs whenever a national “public health emergency” has been declared was given to the FDA by Congress under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) provision included in 2004 Project Bioshield legislation (see below for more information on Bioshield and the EUA).

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Will Swine Flu Vaccines Contain Mercury?

Thimerosal, which is a mercury-based preservative added to multi-dose vials of inactivated annual influenza vaccines and other vaccines, has been associated with brain and immune system dysfunction,  including autism.

Thimerosal, which is a mercury-based preservative added to multi-dose vials of inactivated annual influenza vaccines and other vaccines, has been associated withbrain and immune system dysfunction, including autism. Thimerosal WILL be added as a preservative in multi-dose vials of most inactivated (injected) H1N1 swine flu vaccines, although there reportedly will be a limited supply of single dose vials of inactivated swine flu vaccine that do not contain thimerosal.

The live virus nasal spray H1N1 vaccine being created by MedImmune will not contain the preservative thimerosal (and live virus swine flu vaccine will not contain an unlicensed that may be added to inactivated H1N1 vaccines).

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How Long Will Swine Flu Vaccines Be Tested to Prove Safety & Efficacy Before Being Released?

According to the FDA, candidate swine flu vaccines will be tested for one to three weeks on a few hundred children and adults before being released for public use in the fall.

There are indications by CDC officials may recommend that children receive annual influenza shots as well as one or two doses of swine flu vaccine. There will be little or no time between now and October to test the safety and efficacy of giving children two to four doses of different kinds of influenza vaccine.

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Who Will Be the First to Get Swine Flu Vaccine?

The Secretary of Health and Human Services announced on July 9, 2009 that school children, pregnant women and health workers will be the first to be given swine flu vaccines in the fall. Plans are being made by the government to give children swine flu vaccine in schools. Currently, government officials maintain that the swine flu vaccination program will be voluntary.

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Is There Liability Protection for Vaccine Makers?

Yes. In 2005, Congress passed the Public Readiness & Emergency Preparedness Act (PREP Act). Congress took away liability for experimental drugs and vaccines that are released for public use under an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) whenever a national public health emergency is declared by the Secretaries of the Department of Human Health & Services or Homeland Security in the federal government.  A federal compensation program was discussed in the PREP Act but, as of 2009, there has been no funding of a compensation program for children or adults injured or killed by vaccines or drugs used under an EUA. A report for Congress by the Congressional Research Service discussed legal issues involved in the 2009 H1N1 outbreak and the declaration of a national public health emergency.

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PUBLIC HEALTH LAWS

Could You or Someone in Your Family Be Required to Get Vaccinated or Be Quarantined During an Influenza Pandemic?

Public health laws in the U.S. are primarily state laws with the exception of laws granting the U.S. President and Secretary of Health and Human Services the legal authority to use law enforcement to (1) prevent individuals with certain communicable diseases from entering the country; and (2) prevent the spread of certain communicable diseases between the states. State Governors and public health officials have the legal authority to use police powers to prevent the spread of communicable diseases within the state, including isolating and quarantining citizens.

By Executive Order (EO) of the President of the United States, federal isolation and quarantine of individuals is authorized to prevent transmission of:

Cholera;

Diphtheria;

infectious tuberculosis;

plague;

smallpox;

yellow fever;

viral hemorrhagic fevers;

SARS;

influenza that can cause a pandemic

The President can revise this list by EO at any time.

Centers for Disease Control officials have the power to detain, medically examine and release individuals entering U.S. borders or traveling between states who are suspected of being infected with these communicable diseases, including pandemic influenza.

Click here to learn more about federal Quarantine Centers at U.S. Airports, ports and other locations near you.

State public health officials can exercise police powers to control the spread of infectious disease, including pandemic influenza, within state borders and can enforce isolation and quarantine or citizens. Federal and state health officials may work together to enforce isolation and quarantine of citizens suspected or confirmed to be infected with certain communicable infectious diseases, including pandemic influenza.

Isolation can be used to separate those who are infected and sick with a communicable disease from those who are healthy. Isolation restricts the movement of ill persons to help stop the spread of certain diseases. For example, hospitals use isolation for patients with infectious tuberculosis.

Quarantine can be used to separate and restrict the movement of well persons, who may have been exposed to a communicable disease, to see if they become ill. These people may have been exposed to an infectious disease and do not know it, or they may have the disease but do not show symptoms. Quarantine can also help limit the spread of communicable disease.

Click here to review the CDC’s Facts About Isolation and Quarantine

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Federal Public Health Laws vs. State Public Health Laws

What was not defined in the U.S. Constitution as a federal activity, defaulted to the states. Public health was not defined by authors of the U.S. Constitution as a matter for federal government and so, historically, most public health laws – including mandatory vaccination laws – are not created by politicians you elect to the U.S. Congress and send to Washington, D.C. Public health laws concerning mandatory quarantine and vaccination can vary from state to state because those laws are created by politicians you elect to serve you in your state Capitol.

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U.S. Supreme Court Gave States Power to Mandate Vaccine Use

State public health laws that involve quarantine and vaccine use are implemented whenever your state Governor declares a public health emergency. The legal right of states to quarantine citizens to prevent the spread of certain communicable infectious diseases goes back to before the American Revolution. The legal authority for states to require Americans to use vaccines during non-emergencies was affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court in 1905 (Jacobsen vs. Massachusetts)  in a controversial decision involving smallpox vaccine. That high court decision made by judges at the turn of the 20th century has been criticized in recent decades for failing to acknowledge biodiversity and the fact that vaccines have the inherent ability to cause serious injury or death, with some citizens at greater risk than others and few ways for doctors and health officials to reliably identify those at high risk for suffering harm.

Current federal and state public health emergency laws give broad police powers to federal and state government officials to work together to detain and quarantine you and/or require you to use vaccines IF they elect to exercise that legal authority.

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Congress Gave More Power To Public Health Officials After 9-11

After September 11, 2001, Congress enacted the Homeland Security Act of 2002 that reorganized and gave expanded powers to the Executive Branch of the federal government, including creating the Department of Homeland Security. The Federal Emergency Mangagement Agency (FEMA)  was moved to the new Department of Homeland Security. The Department of Homeland Security, which has more than 200,000 employees and it the third largest department of the federal government, works closely with the Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) to respond to declared public health emergencies.

The U.S. Congress passed the Project Bioshield Act of 2004 and the Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006 to create and fund a partnership between private pharmaceutical companies and the Department of Health and Human Services to develop bioterrorism and pandemic influenza vaccines that could be used by Americans whenever the U.S. Secretary of Health declares a public health emergency. The National Biodefense Science Board and the Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) also were created under the DHHS Office for Preparedness and Response.

An Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) included in Bioshield legislation passed by Congress allows experimental vaccines and other pharmaceutical products to be fast tracked and given to citizens. Congress gave full liability protection to drug companies making experimental vaccines and drugs and to persons enforcing the use of or administering experimental vaccines and drugs that may injure or kill civilians during a declared public health emergency.

The National Vaccine Information Center opposed certain provisions in the Homeland Security Act of 2002 and Bioshield legislation that was passed by Congress and called for responsible congressional oversight on expanded authority granted to federal public health officials by Congress since 9-11.

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States Gave More Power to Public Health Officials After 9-11

In addition, since September 11, 2001, most state legislatures have approved the re-writing of state public health laws to conform with provisions outlined in the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (MSEHPA).

The MSEHPA is model state legislation that was funded, developed and promoted by Centers for Disease Control officials and others advocating granting expanded police powers to state public health officials to enforce quarantine and mandatory use of vaccines during public health emergencies declared by state Governors.

The National Vaccine Information Center opposed granting state public health officials expanded police powers using the MSEHPA model that was advocated by state and federal health officials following 9-11.

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U.S. Public Health Service and U.S. Coast Guard

The U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) is one of seven uniformed services of the U.S. government. Five of these are armed services (Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard) and two are unarmed uniformed services: Public Health Service and Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Commissioned Corps.

The armed forces of the Army, Navy, Air Force and Marine Corps operate under the Department of Defense and the authority of the U.S. President. Since passage of the Posse Comitatus Act of 1878,

federal armed forces have traditionally been restricted from being used to enforce civilian law within U.S. territories. However, the armed forces of the U.S. Coast Guard are exempt from the Posse Comitatus Act.

In 2003, the U.S. Coast Guard was moved from the Department of Transportation to the Department of Homeland Security. During times of peace, the Coast Guard now reports directly to the Secretary of Homeland Security and, during times of war, the Coast Guard operates under the Department of the Navy. The armed forces of the Coast Guard can be used to enforce “applicable U.S. laws” or any other law enforcement duty directed by the Director of Homeland Security, including enforcing public health emergency laws.

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The National Guard

Under the U.S. Constitution and historically, the National Guard has been a part-time law enforcement militia under the control of the Governors of each state. During peacetime, National Guard units can be called upon by Governors to respond to emergencies which occur within state borders. During times of war, the U.S. President can deploy state-based National Guard troops to fight in a war, as has been done during recent wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.

Although the Posse Comitatus Act of 1978 restricts use of U.S. troops on American soil by the Executive Branch of the federal government for civilian law enforcement purposes, the Insurrection Act of 1807 allows one exception: the President can use armed U.S. military troops such as the Coast Guard or National Guard to put down rebellions or enforce constitutional rights if state authorities cannot do it.

In the 2007 Defense Authorization Bill, over the objections from all 50 state Governors, the U.S. Congress modified the Insurrection Act of 1807 to allow the President to federalize National Guard troops and use them in the states to respond to a “natural disaster, epidemic or other serious public health emergency, terrorist attack or incident” when the President determines that “authorities of the state or possession are incapable of maintaining public order.”

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epartment of Defense

The Department of Defense, which works with the Departments of Homeland Security and Health and Human Services, can be called on by the U.S. President to assist in responding to a declared public health emergency, including an outbreak of pandemic influenza.

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Local Police

The local police in cities, counties and states could be called upon by public health authorities and the Governors to assist National Guard troops in enforcing quarantine or maintaining public order and distributing pandemic influenza vaccines and other countermeasures during an influenza pandemic.

The role that local police could play in pandemic influenza response measures will vary from state to state depending upon the public health emergency laws in each state.

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Check the Public Health Emergency Laws in Your State

It is important to check the new public health laws that have been enacted in your state since September 11, 2001 because exemptions to vaccination that are normally allowed for school entry can be suspended whenever a “public health emergency” is declared. (Click here to go to NVIC’s website and check the vaccine laws and exemptions to vaccination normally allowed in your state in a non-emergency)

Since some states chose to amend their state public health laws after April 26, 2009, when officials with the Departments of Health and Homeland Security declared a national public health pandemic influenza emergency, you can do your own research on the internet to learn more about the state laws which govern you and our family (try entering into a search engine the name of your state and the words “ pandemic influenza emergency law”).

You can also check the CDC website page 2009 H1N1 Flu Legal Preparedness or contact your elected state representative and senator and ask for a copy of your state pandemic influenza public health emergency law.

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BEING PREPARED & TAKING ACTION

What Can You and Your Family Do To Be Prepared?

Be Informed: Understand the public health laws that govern residents of your state whenever the Governor declares a public health emergency.

Make A Plan: Although the current swine pandemic influenza outbreak may never result in federal and state health officials using the authority to require vaccination, isolation or quarantine, it is always good to be prepared for a worst case scenario. Discuss with your family and make a plan for responding to the possibility that your state, city, community, you or a member of your family will be asked to be vaccinated, isolated or quarantined.

Issues to think about:

1. Have you decided whether you or your child/children would agree to get the swine flu vaccine if requested by government or school officials?

2. Do you know if your child’s school will notify you in advance when children are going to be given swine flu vaccine at school?

3. If you do want your child to receive the swine flu vaccine in school, do you want to consider asking the school to give you written vaccine benefit and risk information ahead of time, including how to monitor your child for signs and symptoms of a vaccine reaction?

4. Do you want to give a letter to the school principal at the beginning of the school year to be placed in your child’s records indicating that you do or do not want your child to receive the swine flu vaccine? Do you want your child to carry a copy of the letter in his/her school backpack?

5. If you do not want your child to receive the swine flu vaccine at school, do you want to consider keeping your child home from school on the day(s) that the swine flu vaccine will be administered to children?

6. If you do want your child to receive the swine flu vaccine in school, do you want to contact the school principal to make sure that you are given a written record of the swine flu vaccine given to your child, including the manufacturer’s name and lot number?

7. If you or your child/children become sick and are subjected to isolation or home quarantine, do you have adequate food, vitamins, supplements, medication and other supplies in your home to live safely and comfortably for several weeks? Do you know someone who would bring additional food and supplies to you?

8. If you or your child/children are required by health authorities to be temporarily placed in quarantine or isolation outside of your home, are you prepared to notify family, co-workers, friends or an attorney, as well as prepared to pack personal items and any necessary medications or vitamins, supplements or other items to take with you?

9. Do you have readily available copies of your and/or your children’s important medical records, including vaccination records or vaccine exemptions filed with the state, as well as a written list of all prescription medications, allergies or special dietary restrictions/needs?

10. If you are considering getting the swine flu vaccine for yourself or your child, do you know how much scientific evidence has proven the vaccine to be safe and effective, whether you or your child has a personal or family medical history that could increase risks for a vaccine reaction, and what vaccine reaction symptoms to look for after getting vaccinated?

Read NVIC’s If You Vaccinate, Ask Eight

Read NVIC’s Are We Overvaccinating Our Children?

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Evaluate Holistic Health Approaches to Wellness & Healing

Old fashioned, common sense approaches to protecting yourself from a bad case of the flu and helping the healing process if you do get sick include:

1. Wash your hands frequently.

2. Avoid close contact with those who are sick.

3. If you are sick, avoid close contact with those who are well.

4. Cover your mouth if you cough or sneeze.

5. Drink plenty of fluids, especially water.

6. Get adequate sleep.

7. Eat a healthy diet rich in vitamins and minerals, especially foods containing vitamin C (such as citrus fruits) and vitamin D and spend a few minutes a day in sunlight to help your body make and store vitamin D.

8. Exercise regularly when you are well.

9. Lower stress.

10. Consider including holistic alternatives in your wellness or healing plan, such as chiropractic adjustments, homeopathic and naturopathic remedies, acupuncture and other holistic health care options.

For more information on holistic health and wellness alternatives, visit the website of Dr. Joseph Mercola at www.mercola.com

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Stay Informed and Connected

Information is power and staying in contact with and communicating with others who care about you helps protects you and your family in times of emergency.

Monitor the latest developments about pandemic influenza in your community on the internet and on television and radio newscasts.

Stay in touch with close family and friends by phone, email, and internet social networking.

Make an Emergency Notification phone list of key family members, friends, co-workers, school teachers, attorneys, health professionals, legislators, journalists or others you want to notify by phone or email if you need them to know that you or your children are sick or where you are. Choose one person to call if you only had one phone call to make.

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Contact Your Legislators & Community Leaders

If you are concerned about lack of vaccine safety and informed consent protections in public health emergency laws, call, write, email or visit the legislators you elected to represent you in your State Capitol and in the U.S. Congress in Washington, D.C. Also contact leaders in your community schools, political and civic organizations, town and county governments.

Get involved by volunteering in your community and getting to know your neighbors. Talk about ways you can support each other if a public health emergency is declared in your neighborhood.

If you see an article in your local newspaper that you do or don’t agree with, write a letter to the editor. Call and voice your opinion on talk radio.

Constructive change of laws and policies at the grassroots level will only happen if we become activist citizens and participate. Speak out and stay positive. Know that the effort you make to educate others and be the change you want to see in the world is never wasted even if change comes more slowly than you would like.

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Take Action with NVIC

To stay up to date on swine flu and pandemic influenza vaccines, become a subscriber of the free NVIC Vaccine E-Newsletter and periodically check www.NVIC.org for more information. If you or your family are pressured to use swine flu vaccine or other vaccines without your voluntary, informed consent, you may want to share your story with others by posting a report on NVIC’s Cry for Vaccine Freedom Wall.

Come to the Fourth International Public Conference on Vaccination sponsored by NVIC Oct. 2-4, 2009 in Washington, D.C. and meet others in your state. Learn more about vaccine science, policy, law and ethics from top speakers and how to organize and work to change federal and state public health laws, including vaccine laws, that govern you and your family.

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Remain Cool, Calm and Collected

There is a lot of fear and anxiety being generated by frequent warnings from WHO and CDC officials that the current swine H1N1 influenza could mutate and become more deadly. However, it is also just as possible that the swine flu will remain mild to moderate in severity just like regular influenza that circulates around the world every year. If you do get swine flu this year, one benefit of recovering from influenza is that the antibodies you create may well help you resist getting sick from H1N1 influenza viruses that circulate in the future.

Hopefully, federal and state government officials will choose to exercise health emergency police powers with restraint; allow citizens to exercise informed consent to vaccination, including the right to decline vaccination without being harassed or punished; and allow home quarantine of citizens as the least restrictive means of controlling pandemic influenza if quarantine laws are enforced.

Whatever happens, you can best protect yourself and your family if you do not panic, remain calm, and take well considered and responsible actions with full knowledge and understanding of federal and state public health laws that govern you and your community during declared public health emergencies.

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NVIC INFORMATION & STATEMENTS

Get the NVIC Flu Facts

July 22, 2009 Press Release & VIDEO: National Vaccine Information Center Questions Safety of School-Based Swine Flu Vaccination Programs

July 14, 2009 Referenced Commentary & VIDEO: Swine Flu Vaccine: Will We Have A Choice?

May 1, 2009 Commentary: Politics, Profits & Pandemic Fear Mongering

Spring 2004 Referenced NVIC Newsletter: Flu Vaccine: Missing the Mark

NVIC Letter on Project Bioshield to Chair, Committee on Government Reform. July 13, 2005.

NVIC Letter on Bioterrorism & Public Health Preparedness legislation to Subcommittee on Bioterrorism & Public Health Preparedness. Nov. 15, 2005.

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SELECTED MEDIA PRINT ARTICLES

Reuters News Service. July 30, 2009. Fox, M.  Is it Safe? US vaccine experts want to build trust.

Bloomberg News Service. July 29, 2009. Randall T, Matsumoto G. Swine Flu Shot May Rely on Emergency Use of Additives.

Wall Street Journal. July 24, 2009. Swine Flu Prevention Takes New Urgency: US Officials Call for FDA to Move on Vaccines Without Data from Clinical Trials.

Spiegel Online. July 21, 2009. Interview with Epidemiologist Tom Jefferson: “A Whole Industry Is Waiting for a Pandemic.”

MEDIA VIDEOS

CBS Evening News. July 30, 2009. Concern About H1N1 Vaccine.

Channel 4-TV (United Kingdom). July 22, 2009. “Pandemic flu or pandemic panic?”

Historic:

CBS “60 Minutes” VIDEO: Swine Flu Vaccine Scare of 1976

Comedy:

(Royal Canadian Air Farce) VIDEO: “How to Make Your Own Flu Vaccine

SELECTED MEDICAL LITERATURE

Fineberg HV [Institute of Medicine]. Preparing for avian influenza: Lessons from the “Swine Flu Affair.” JID 2008:197 (Suppl. 1) 14-8.

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U.S. GOVERNMENT INFORMATION ON INFLUENZA

DHHS: Swine Flu Questions

Centers for Disease Control: H1N1 Flu (Swine Flu)

Food & Drug Administration (FDA). Vaccines & Related Biological Products Advisory Committee. July 23, 2009 Meeting Presentations on H1N1 Influenza.

National Biodefense Science Board: NBSB

Biomedical Advanced Research & Development Authority (BARDA)

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WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION

World Health Organization. Situation Updates – Pandemic (H1N1) 2009

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FEDERAL LEGISLATION AFFECTING U.S. PUBLIC HEALTH LAW

Homeland Security Act of 2002 (PL 107-296)  and CRS Report for Congress (April 11, 2003)

Enacted by Congress in 2002 in response to the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001, the Homeland Security Act established the Department of Homeland Security, consolidated the operations of 22 federal government agencies and was the largest re-organization of federal government operations since the creation of the Department of Defense after World War II. The Act increased the responsibilities and power of the Executive Branch of the federal government in an effort to streamline and consolidate national security functions to defend Americans against future terrorist attacks. The new Department also acts as a focal point in natural and manmade crises and emergency planning.

The Homeland Security Act was passed a year after Congress enacted the USA Patriot Act of 2001 that gave sweeping new powers to law enforcement and intelligence agencies and reduced oversight powers of U.S. courts in reviewing government surveillance of American citizens. The Homeland Security Act gives pharmaceutical companies and other corporations immunity from civil lawsuits for harm caused to citizens, limits citizen access to information that can be obtained under the Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) and allows government committees to meet in secret.

Project Bioshield Act of 2004 (PL 108-276)

Project Bioshield was enacted by Congress in 2004 in response to the events of September 11, 2001 and fears about potential use by terrorists of weaponized microorganisms or deadly pandemics. Project Bioshield legislation was designed to develop a broad strategy to defend America against bioterrorism and what Department of Defense officials described as “weapons of mass destruction.” The main purpose of Project BioShield was to accelerate the research, development, purchase, and availability of medical countermeasures against biological, chemical, radiological, and nuclear (CBRN) agents.

The Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act of 2006 (PL 109-417)

The Pandemic and All Hazards Preparedness Act (PAHPA) legislation enacted by Congress in 2006 (also called Project Bioshield II) established a Biomedical Advanced Research and Development Authority (BARDA) within the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS). This legislation had enabled government health officials to work closely with the pharmaceutical industry to provide an integrated, systematic approach to the development and purchase of vaccines, drugs, therapies and diagnostic tools for public health medical emergencies. BARDA manages Project Bioshield and the Public Health Emergency Medical Countermeasures Enterprise (PHEMCE).

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MODEL STATE HEALTH EMERGENCY POWERS ACTS

Since September 11, 2001, most state legislatures have approved the re-writing of state public health laws to conform with provisions outlined in the Model State Emergency Health Powers Act (MSEHPA).

The MSEHPA is model state legislation that was funded, developed and promoted by CDC

officials and others advocating granting expanded police powers to state public health officials to enforce quarantine and mandatory use of vaccines during public health emergencies declared by state Governors.

Under state public health emergency laws, public health and law enforcement may be authorized to:

Take control of all roads leading into and out of your community, city or state;

Enter homes and businesses without consent to investigate and decontaminate property;

Appropriate property, including communications devices (computers, cell phones, fax machines, land line telephones), transportation vehicles, fuel, firearms, food, alcoholic beverages and other items and not be held liable if these actions result in destruction of personal property;

Examine, detain, isolate, quarantine citizens and vaccinate or medicate citizens without informed consent and not be held liable if these actions result in injury or death of citizens.

However, the legal authority to enforce public health emergency laws does not mean that public health officials will choose to enforce them.

Winter 2002 NVIC Newsletter: Smallpox & Forced Vaccination: What Every American Needs To Know

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MASSACHUSETTS PANDEMIC ACT (2009)

Commonwealth of Massachusetts. An Act Relative to Pandemic and Disaster Preparation and Response in the Commonwealth (Senate No. 2028).

National Vaccine Information Center www.NVIC.org